Widget Image
Follow PPD Social Media
Connect With PPD
Tuesday, August 20, 2019
HomeNewsEconomyPersonal Income Gains, Misses Forecast in September, Spending Remains Solid

Personal Income Gains, Misses Forecast in September, Spending Remains Solid

People count money at Macy's Herald Square store during the early opening of the Black Friday sales in the Manhattan borough of New York, November 26, 2015. (Photo: Reuters)
People count money at Macy's Herald Square store during the early opening of the Black Friday sales in the Manhattan borough of New York, November 26, 2015. (Photo: Reuters)

People count money at Macy’s Herald Square store during the early opening of the Black Friday sales in the Manhattan borough of New York, November 26, 2015. (Photo: Reuters)

The Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA) unpacked September’s contribution to Q3 2018 GDP from personal income and outlays. According to estimates, personal income rose $35.7 billion (0.2%), disposable personal income (DPI) gained $29.1 billion (0.2%) and personal consumption expenditures (PCE) increased $53.0 billion (0.4%).

Stripping out the impact from the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA), personal income only rose 0.1%.

Real DPI increased 0.1% in September and Real PCE rose 0.3%. The PCE price index increased 0.1%. Excluding food and energy, the PCE price index increased 0.2%.

2018
May Jun Jul. Aug. Sept.
Percent change from preceding month
Personal income:
Current dollars 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2
Disposable personal income:
Current dollars 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.2
Chained (2012) dollars 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Personal consumption expenditures (PCE):
Current dollars 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.4
Chained (2012) dollars 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Price indexes:
PCE 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
PCE, excluding food and energy 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.0 0.2
Price indexes: Percent change from month one year ago
PCE 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.2 2.0
PCE, excluding food and energy 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0 2.0

The increase in personal income in September primarily reflected gains in wages and salaries, government social benefits to persons, and rental income that was partially offset by a decline in proprietors’ income. However, while wages and salaries have been a strong component for the report in prior months, it was the weak component for September.

The $33.2 billion increase in real PCE in September reflects a gain of $33.5 billion in spending for goods and a $3.5 billion increase in spending for services. Within goods, motor vehicles and parts was the leading contributor to the increase, with solid contributions from recreational goods and vehicles.

For services, the largest contributor to the gain was spending for health care that was more than offset by a decrease in spending for food services and accommodations.

Personal outlays increased $57.9 billion in September. Personal saving was $975.7 billion in September, and the personal saving rate, personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income, was 6.2%.

Estimates have been revised for July and August. Personal income held steady at a gain of 0.4%. Consumer spending rose slightly more (0.5%) than the initially reported 0.4%.

Change from preceding month
July August
Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised Previous Revised
(Billions of dollars) (Percent) (Billions of dollars) (Percent)
Personal income:
Current dollars 51.9 56.4 0.3 0.3 60.3 67.0 0.3 0.4
Disposable Personal income:
Current dollars 45.5 46.0 0.3 0.3 51.4 55.4 0.3 0.4
Chained (2012) dollars 22.8 22.7 0.2 0.2 31.8 35.8 0.2 0.2
Personal consumption expenditures:
Current dollars 62.7 65.3 0.4 0.5 46.4 64.9 0.3 0.5
Chained (2012) dollars 40.6 42.6 0.3 0.3 28.7 46.1 0.2 0.4
Written by
Staff Writing Group

PPD Business, the economy-reporting arm of People's Pundit Daily, is "making sense of current events." We are a no-holds barred, news reporting pundit of, by, and for the people.

No comments

leave a comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.