Widget Image
Follow PPD Social Media
Follow Us:
Monday, May 25, 2020
HomeNewsEconomyU.S. Trade Deficit Shrinks More than Expected in January

U.S. Trade Deficit Shrinks More than Expected in January

Import, Export, Logistics concept - Map global partner connection of Container Cargo freight ship for Logistic Import Export background (Photo: AdobeStock/Elements of this image furnished by NASA)

Energy Independence Fueling Narrowing Trade Deficit

The U.S. trade deficit for goods and services narrowed to $45.3 billion in January, down another $3.3 billion from a downwardly revised $48.6 billion in December. The first trade balance report for 2020 beat the forecast after 2019 posted the first annual decline since 2013.

Forecasts ranged from a low of $-53.6 billion to a high of $-45.5 billion. The consensus forecast was $-46.1 billion.

Import, Export, Logistics concept - Map global partner connection of Container Cargo freight ship for Logistic Import Export background (Photo: AdobeStock/Elements of this image furnished by NASA)
Import, Export, Logistics concept – Map global partner connection of Container Cargo freight ship for Logistic Import Export background (Photo: AdobeStock/Elements of this image furnished by NASA)

Exports, Imports, and Balance

The U.S. Census Bureau and the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis announced Friday exports in January fell far less than imports. Exports came in at $208.6 billion, a decline of $0.9 billion. Imports were $253.9 billion, a decline of $4.2 billion.

The decrease in the overall goods and services deficit reflected a decline in the goods deficit of $2.6 billion to $67.0 billion and an increase in the services surplus of $0.6 billion to $21.7 billion.

The goods and services deficit has fallen $8.5 billion, or 15.8%, from January 2019. Exports have gained $2.3 billion, or 1.1%. Imports have declined $6.2 billion, or 2.4%.

Three‐Month Moving Averages

The three-month average goods and services deficit decreased $0.7 billion to $45.9 billion for the period ending January 2020. Average exports rose $0.7 billion to $208.6 billion, while average imports fell less than $0.1 billion to $254.5 billion.

Year‐over‐year, the three-month average goods and services deficit ending in January 2019 fell $10.2 billion. Average exports rose $1.9 billion and average imports fell $8.2 billion.

U.S.-China Trade Deficits

The politically-sensitive trade deficit with China fell $7.9 billion to $69.4 billion in the fourth quarter (Q4) 2019. While exports fell $4.1 billion to $38.0 billion, imports fell $12.0 billion to $107.5 billion.

The trade in goods deficit with China fell $2.1 billion to $23.7 billion in January. Exports rose $0.2 billion to $7.7 billion and imports fell $1.8 billion to $31.4 billion.

Trade Balance By Nation

Trade Surpluses

The Q4 2019 figures show surpluses, in billions of dollars, with South and Central America ($20.5), Brazil ($8.7), OPEC ($7.8), Hong Kong ($6.4), United Kingdom ($5.5), Singapore ($4.8), and Saudi Arabia ($3.6). Deficits were recorded, in billions of dollars, with China ($69.4), European Union ($26.9), Mexico ($25.5), Germany ($14.8), Japan ($11.3), Italy ($9.0), India ($6.7), Taiwan ($5.0), Canada ($3.9), France ($2.9), and South Korea ($1.6).

Trade Deficits

The U.S.-European Union trade deficit decreased $8.1 billion to $26.9 billion in Q4 2019. Exports rose $1.9 billion to $152.7 billion and imports declined $6.2 billion to $179.6 billion.

The U.S.-Canada trade deficit rose $1.9 billion to $3.9 billion in Q4 2019. Exports fell $1.6 billion to $88.2 billion, while imports rose $0.3 billion to $92.1 billion.

Energy Independence and the Narrowing Trade Deficit

As People’s Pundit Daily (PPD) previously reported, the U.S. trade deficit for goods and services declined 1.7% to $616.8 billion in 2019. It is the first annual decrease since 2013.

According to new annual data from the U.S. Census Bureau, the deficit decline in the international trade balance was driven by energy independence.

Crude oil exports soared 35.5% or $17.1 billion compared to the same period in 2018, while crude oil imports cratered 19.3% or $30.3 billion over the prior year.

More Trade News

Written by
Staff Writing Group

PPD Business, the economy-reporting arm of People's Pundit Daily, is "making sense of current events." We are a no-holds barred, news reporting pundit of, by, and for the people.

No comments

leave a comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.

People's Pundit Daily
You have %%pigeonMeterAvailable%% free %%pigeonCopyPage%% remaining this month. Get unlimited access and support reader-funded, independent data journalism.

Start a 14-day free trial now. Pay later!

Start Trial