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Thursday, July 18, 2019
HomeNewsUSWhat Is the RQ-4A Global Hawk Drone?

What Is the RQ-4A Global Hawk Drone?

RQ-4A Global Hawk High-Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) known as a BAMS-D. (Photo: Courtesy of U.S. Navy via Northrup Grumman Corporation)

What Did Iran Use to Shoot Down the U.S. Navy Drone?

RQ-4A Global Hawk High-Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) known as a BAMS-D. (Photo: Courtesy of U.S. Navy via Northrup Grumman Corporation)
RQ-4A Global Hawk High-Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) known as a BAMS-D. (Photo: Courtesy of U.S. Navy via Northrup Grumman Corporation)

A U.S. Navy RQ-4A Global Hawk High-Altitude Long Endurance (HALE) Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS) — known as a BAMS-D — was shot down by an Iranian surface-to-air missile. It provides real-time intelligence and surveillance and reconnaissance missions (ISR) over vast ocean and coastal regions.

U.S. Central Command claims Iran shot down the high-altitude U.S. Navy drone operating while it was in international airspace over the Strait of Hormuz at approximately 7:35 p.m. EST on Wednesday.

Iran claims it was shot down in their airspace at around 4:05 a.m. on Thursday morning, near the Kouhmobarak district in southern Iran’s Hormozgan province, located roughly 750 miles southeast of Tehran.

The Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) used the air defense system known as Third of Khordad to shoot down the U.S. Navy drone. The truck-based missile system has a range of up to 18 miles (30 kilometers).

The Global Hawk is a $180 million piece of military equipment manufactured by Northrop Grumman Corporation (NOC). It has a maximum altitude of 60,000 feet, a maximum endurance of 32 hours and a range of 12,300 nautical miles.

According to Northrop Grumman, the RQ-4A Global Hawk has more than 250,000 flight hours and has flown military missions in Iraq, Afghanistan, North Africa, and the greater Asia-Pacific region. It was first put into active operation for the U.S. Air Force in 2001.

RQ-4 Global Hawk Systems Capabilities. (Photo: Courtesy of Northrup Grumman Corporation)
RQ-4 Global Hawk Systems Capabilities. (Photo: Courtesy of Northrup Grumman Corporation)

While designed for military service, the same intelligence-gathering capabilities are also useful to civil authorities responding to natural disasters, search-and-rescue operations, as well as weather and atmospheric data collection for forecasting the paths of storms.

EQ-4B Global Hawk  Communication Capabilities. (Photo: Courtesy of Northrup Grumman Corporation)
EQ-4B Global Hawk Communication Capabilities. (Photo: Courtesy of Northrup Grumman Corporation)

IRGC General Hossein Salami said the action “sends a clear message” they are “fully ready for war.”

“We do not have any intention for war with any country, but we are fully ready for war,” Gen. Hossein Salami said.

U.S. Air Force Lt. General Joseph Guastella said during a video statement last week it was an “unprovoked attack” meant to hinder surveillance capabilities amid recent threats to international commerce.

“This was an unprovoked attack on a U.S. surveillance asset that had not violated Iranian airspace at any time during its mission,” Lt. General Guastella said.

“This attack is an attempt to disrupt our ability to monitor the area following recent threats to international shipping and free flow of commerce.”

Last week, the increasingly desperate and economically-crippled regime attacked two oil tankers. The U.S. Navy RQ-4A Global Hawk was on an ISR.

Written by
Staff Writing Group

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